Dawn: Thoughts on the Presumptions of Morality by Friedrich Nietzsche
Dawn marks Nietzsche's first significant confrontation with morality and offers glimpses of many of the signature themes developed in his later works. Here he launches his campaign against traditional morality and democracy, for an aristocratic culture and an immoral free man.
For Nietzsche, traditional morality, personified in the works of Kant and Rousseau, is nothing else than `obedience to customs', based on 'fear of an incomprehensible power' and on 'superstition'. The Christian morality is 'a torture of man and his body' with its creed of `pure spirituality and its demonization of Eros.' A free man is immoral, because his will depends upon himself only, and not on tradition. Man himself must be `the standard of what is good, since he himself determines good and evil.'
Dawn is indispensable for an understanding of his critique of morality and the project of the "revaluation of all values."